Archives for April 2017

Breastfeeding and Breast Preference 2

Breastfeeding and Breast Preference 2Your baby’s breast preference is not cause for major concern. As long as you are breastfeeding when your baby shows signs of hunger, she’s growing properly and soiling diapers, your baby is likely getting plenty of milk, even if it is primarily from one breast. Yet still, some mothers become uncomfortable in the less frequently used breast or may not like their new lopsided silhouette.

Earlier this week we discussed reasons for breast preference including milk supply, let downs, nipple differences, taste of breast milk, preferred positions, and a pain or injury your baby may be experiencing. Today we’re sharing ways to encourage your baby to nurse from both breasts and how you can even up your breasts if she continues to show breast preference.

Ways to Encourage Nursing on Both Breasts

If your baby’s breast preference bothers you, try these ways to encourage nursing on both breasts:

  • Offer the less frequently nursed breast first. Babies generally nurse more vigorously when they begin a breastfeeding session because that is when they are hungriest. This may help increase your milk supply and speed up let downs. Offering the less preferred breast first may work best when your baby is sleepy – either just after waking or before a nap or bedtime – when she is not keenly aware of which side she’s nursing.
  • Offer the less frequently nursed breast more often. Nurse your baby on the less preferred side twice per feeding, sandwiched by the more preferred side. If you only nurse from one breast at a time, start with the less preferred breast twice as often.
  • Find a more comfortable position. If your baby doesn’t like nursing on one side because you believe she’s uncomfortable, try a different nursing position for that side. Alternatively, try to switch from the preferred breast to the less preferred breast with as little repositioning as possible.
  • Distract your baby while nursing. Rocking, walking, singing or wearing your baby while nursing from the less preferred breast may help distract your baby and encourage more productive breastfeeding.
  • Work to balance your milk supply. Building up your milk supply in the less preferred breast may be the best solution to breast preference. This requires extra breastfeeding and pumping on that breast. On the flip side, if engorgement or a forceful let down is causing the breast preference, express milk from that side before a feeding to make it easier for your baby to latch and feed.
  • Use a nipple shield. Inverted or otherwise altered nipples can cause breast preference. If necessary, use a nipple shield on the less desirable side.

How to Counteract Breast Preference

So your baby is very stubborn, eh? That’s OK! As we mentioned, it is more about your potential discomfort – due to engorgement or appearance – than a true problem. The best solution for a baby who will not nurse from one breast is to pump that breast more often. This will help in several ways: First, frequent pumping will prevent you from becoming engorged, which can lead to plugged ducts that may cause mastitis. You definitely don’t want that! Secondly, pumping may increase your milk supply and help resolve the breast preference issue altogether. And lastly, pumping will ensure you have extra milk on hand if you feel your baby is still hungry after breastfeeding on her preferred side.

Bottom line: Don’t stress about your baby’s breast preference. Follow these suggestions to encourage your baby to nurse on both sides and when all else fails, pump!

Sources: KellyMom, Breastfeeding-Problems, and BabyCenter

Breastfeeding and Breast Preference 1

Breastfeeding and Breast Preference 1Breastfeeding may have you feeling a little off balance if your baby has a distinct breast preference. Preferring one side over another is common although some babies feel more strongly about it than others. While completely normal, you may be able to subdue your baby’s breast preference during breastfeeding to help prevent plugged ducts and lopsidedness.

First we should note that there is no nutritional problem with your baby having a breast preference. In fact, it may actually benefit your baby because she will likely nurse through to the fattier hind milk that is important for your baby’s growth and development. However, if breast preference causes pain or an infection in your less frequently used breast, or if a lopsided appearance bothers you, you may want to work to even things up a bit.

Today we’re exploring reasons your baby may have a breast preference while breastfeeding and later this week we’ll offer suggestions to keep your breasts more balanced and encourage your baby to nurse on both sides.

Reasons for Breast Preference

As you are discovering, your baby is an intricate being and perhaps rather opinionated. Her likes and dislikes may emerge in small ways at first including breast preference. After all, she spends quite a bit of time breastfeeding so she’s bound to exert some control of the situation eventually.

Milk Supply or Let Downs

Breast preference can be the result of the difference in milk supply or let downs between your breasts. Just like your hands, feet, eyes and ears differ slightly, the same anatomical asymmetry exists in your breasts. The internal mechanisms that help produce breast milk vary from side to side, which can cause milk supply to be higher or lower or let downs to be faster or slower. Most babies will prefer the side with more milk unless engorgement makes it too difficult for the baby to latch. Some babies prefer a slower let down that won’t overwhelm them with too much milk at once. (Mothers who have had breast surgery may experience lower milk supply in that breast.)

Nipple Differences

The means of suckling breast milk – your nipples – may also be a factor. You’ve probably noticed that your nipples differ in shape and size. Chances are your baby notices too and this may be a reason for her breast preference. Nipple differences change the way a baby latches and is able to secure milk. The easier it is for her to latch, the more she’ll enjoy that breast.

Breast Milk Flavor

The flavor of your breast milk can be altered in breasts individually if you have mastitis (an infected plugged duct) or if a capillary bursts on one side and blood leaks into your milk supply. These situations can cause milk to taste saltier, which your baby may not enjoy.

Preferred Positions

On the other hand, breast preference may have nothing to do with your body at all. Rather, it may have something to do with your baby. Babies come to enjoy being held a certain way, whether due to the mother’s holding style or simply a natural preference. Nursing in a more comfortable position for your baby may lead to breast preference.

Pain or Injury

Also, if your baby has a medical reason to prefer being positioned a certain way, she may rather lie that way for breastfeeding too. For example, an ear infection in one ear may make it painful for your baby to lie on that side. The same can be true if your baby has a neck injury or pain at an immunization site. Or an undetected birth injury or defect can also result in breast preference due to positioning.

Understanding the cause of your baby’s breast preference may help as you strategize a solution. Later this week we’ll review ways to encourage nursing on both breasts and what you can do if your baby refuses to nurse on one side.

Sources: KellyMom, Breastfeeding-Problems, and BabyCenter

Why Do Babies Drool?

Getting those slobbery wet kisses from your drooling baby is one of the joys of motherhood, right? While you may not enjoy such moisture from others, it seems to be just fine when it comes from your own baby. Drooling is a normal part of infancy and toddlerhood but do you know why babies drool? There are several reasons babies drool and we’re taking a look at them today.

First, a little biology lesson:  Saliva is an essential element that moistens our mouths and plays a crucial role in digestion. As food gets wet, it becomes softer and more congealed so it is easier to chew and swallow. Saliva contains enzymes that start to break down food, especially starches, making it easier to digest when it reaches the stomach and intestines. Saliva is also a natural antacid that neutralizes stomach acids. Plus, saliva washes away food debris in our mouths and helps prevent tooth decay.

Why Do Babies Drool?It is common for parents to see an increase in drool around three months of age, perhaps as evidenced by the pool of saliva in front of your baby’s play space and his soaking wet shirt. This is because, while babies are born with hundreds of salivary glands, the most active ones responsible for helping babies eat and chew aren’t mature until around this time. The delayed maturation of salivary glands is one of the reasons why babies cannot handle solids in their first few months of life. Once your baby begins drooling, it’s a good sign that starting solids is right around the corner.

So now we know why we have saliva but why do babies drool rather than swallow like the rest of us. First of all, having more saliva in the mouth is new to babies at first and they aren’t aware of their sensory duty to swallow it. Gravity then causes it to drip from the mouth. Some babies who have week neck, core, lip and jaw muscles may have gaping mouths that can cause excessive drooling.

One of the most obvious culprits of drooling is teething. Even before teeth cut through the gums, extra saliva can act as an analgesic to reduce the pain caused by the teething process. Babies drool more when they are teething because of this abundance of saliva.

Babies may also drool when they put something in their mouths, even if it is not food. Oral exploration is how babies make new discoveries about the world. They use their tongues and lips to experience texture and process information about items. This oral habit may cause drooling…and wet toys!

It’s important to note that sudden drooling can be a sign of choking either from food or a foreign object. If you notice lots of drool and slowed breathing or coughing, look for what may be lodged in your baby’s throat or mouth. Call 911 and begin emergency procedures if your baby is indeed choking.

Drooling may be the result of certain foods or medications as well. Sometimes babies and toddlers drool when they are concentrating hard on fine motor skills and then eventually on tasks like feeding or dressing themselves. Usually most drooling subsides by two years of age when most of a toddler’s baby teeth are in.

Sources: Healthy Children, North Shore Pediatric Therapy, and The Washington Post

Woodland Nurseries

Woodland nurseries are the hottest nursery trend of the year. This unisex theme is full of soothing sights and textures that can make your baby’s nursery feel vibrant, entertaining and cozy. Check out some of our best ideas for woodland nurseries.

Accent Walls: Woodland nurseries need trees or mountains, of course. If you’re bold and talented enough to paint one or more of the walls in your baby’s nursery, go for it! Otherwise consider using decals that you can peel off in a few years when you’re ready to make a change. Trees, leaves woodland creatures, mountains and teepees are all appropriate for the theme.

Alternatively, consider creating a textured accent wall with thick wall paper or by adding wood panels. This can be an exciting and eye-catching feature in your woodland nursery.

Wall Décor: When dressing your walls, select wall art that captures the essence of the woodlands. Pictures of foxes, moose, deer, bears, raccoons, rabbits and birds fit nicely. You can also hang wooden shelves and decorate with stuffed animals, baskets and trinkets.

Crib: Many shades of cribs work well in woodland nurseries including white, grey and brown. Select whichever one floats your boat. Add themed sheets. Remember, top sheets, comforters and pillows are not necessary until your baby is much older. If your crib converts to a toddler bed, you can purchase the full set of bedding now and save everything except for the bottom sheet for when your little one is older.

Mobile: A tree or twig mobile is the perfect addition to woodland nurseries. Hang it over your baby’s crib, changing table or both to captivate your baby’s attention.

Rug: Your nursery rug can be any shade that matches your woodland room. Green or brown shaggy rugs can resemble the forest floor. Or a chevron rug is representative of mountains and other shapes you might see in nature. If you prefer to add a pop of another color like pink or blue, that works too.

Woodland Nurseries_127363156Rocking Chair: A plush rocking chair is a necessity for your woodland nursery. Match pillows to your rug or curtains to tie the look together.

Teepee: Everyone knows that the woods are a great place for camping. Add a teepee to your baby’s woodland nursery as a fun play space that can evolve as your baby matures. At first it can be used for tummy time, then for building blocks and eventually as a reading nook.

Woodland nurseries are a great way to stimulate your baby’s love of nature in a fun and cozy way!

Breastfeeding and Newborn Poop

Breastfeeding and Newborn PoopWhen you think about all the incredible things you’re excited to experience with your baby, changing poopy diapers is probably not on your list. However, your newborn’s poop can tell you a lot about their health, especially when you are breastfeeding. Today we’re exploring breastfeeding and newborn poop.

It’s amazing the things you’re willing to talk about openly when you become a mother…like poop, for example. Poop is a regular topic of conversation among new moms, from how often it happens, to how to avoid blowouts. There is a wide range of normal when it comes to newborn poop including the frequency, consistency and odor. But there are still some general norms when it comes to breastfeeding and newborn poop, which can help you determine if your baby is consuming enough nutrients and is digesting milk properly.

Here’s the scoop on breastfeeding and newborn poop:


Here’s a win for breastfed babies – their newborn poop really doesn’t smell bad. Breast milk is incredibly pure and so is your baby’s body. The combination creates little to no smell in newborn poop. In general, the longer poop stays in the intestines, the smeller it will be. Newborns poop so frequency, their poop doesn’t spend much time in the digestive tract and is less odoriferous.

Color and Consistency

For the first couple of days after birth all babies excrete meconium, which is a tar-like brownish green substance made up of amniotic fluid and other things your baby came by naturally in the womb.

After about two or three days newborn poop changes in color and consistency. It is common for newborn poop to appear like mushy, seedy mustard with some curds in it and then it will change to more green or brown poop over time. Newborn poop is watery, of course, due to your baby’s all-liquid diet and it will stay that way for the four to six months you exclusively breastfeed.  Some parents confuse this for diarrhea but thin, liquidy poop is normal.

Because breastfed babies are taking in what their mothers are eating, the nutrients and proteins differ daily. Therefore, poop on one day may look different from poop on another day. This variety is healthy for your baby.


Babies can poop as often as 10 times a day or as little as once a week. The spectrum is that broad! Breastfed newborns usually poop once per feeding for the first few weeks of life. This is to allow room for more food to enter your baby’s tiny digestive system. The poop may be very little, a few squirts in fact. This is a testament to the perfect nutrients in your breast milk and how easily your baby can absorb it and use it efficiently in her body. After a month or so your baby will have less bowel movements. This is a sign of mature milk.


Log-like or pebble-like poop may indicate constipation and/or dehydration. Speak to your pediatrician if you notice this consistency. Also, if you think your baby is experiencing pain during pooping or from not being able to poop, consult your doctor. Sometimes massaging the anus with a q-tip or gently rotating your baby’s legs and opening them wide can help stimulate a bowel movement.

Bright green bubbly poop may indicate that your baby is not getting enough fat in your breast milk. Be sure you’re feeding as long as possible on each breast so your baby gets to the fattier milk that is known as hind milk. This fat is essential to your baby’s growth and development.

If your breastfed baby isn’t pooping frequently and is not gaining weight, talk to your pediatrician to ensure your baby is indeed getting enough milk. Your doctor may recommend a visit to a lactation consultant to ensure your breastfeeding success.

Also, if you do believe your baby has diarrhea, talk to your pediatrician. Diarrhea in newborns can be a sign of an infection, allergy or digestive disorder. It’s best to have it checked right away.

Sources: WebMD, Parents and BabyCenter

Do Lemons Help Curb Morning Sickness?

Do Lemons Help Curb Morning Sickness?Let’s cut to the chase….the answer is yes! Tart and tangy, many believe lemons help curb morning sickness! According to research, strong tart flavors help ease the stomach. And when you’re feeling queasy during pregnancy, you’ll try even a sour lemon wedge to reduce the nausea.

While every woman is different, many moms-to-be believe lemons help curb morning sickness.  Here are a few ideas to get some relief from morning sickness with lemons or lemon flavors:

Straight-Up: Keep a few fresh lemons in your kitchen for when nausea is at its peak. Shove a wedge in your mouth, lick it, or simply inhale the lemony scent for immediate relief.

Lemonade: Try a glass of freshly squeezed lemonade to cool you off this spring and summer and keep the nausea to a minimum. This is a thirst quencher that may also quench your morning sickness.

Lemon Water: For a less sugary option than lemonade, go for lemon water. Simply plop some lemon slices into a glass of water and enjoy.

Lemon Popsicles: Make your own lemon ice pop to slurp on when the feeling strikes you. You can add other flavors too to sweeten them up a bit.

Lemon Drops: Sure, candy isn’t usually the healthiest but if it rights your stomach, it’s completely fine to suck on lemon drops during pregnancy.

Lemongrass Tea: Tea is known to help reduce nausea and lemongrass tea has a natural lemon flavor and scent. Increase its effectiveness to curb morning sickness by adding a lemon slice to your cup.

Lemon Squirt or Zest: For a slight lemon flavoring to almost any dish, squirt fresh lemon over your food or cook in a lemon zest. This consistent subtle addition to your meal may help prevent morning sickness in the first place.

Remember, lemons are highly acidic so rinse your mouth with water after eating or drinking something with pure lemon.

Lemons offer some other great benefits during pregnancy too. They are packed with vitamins and minerals like calcium and magnesium that support your baby. It naturally and gently purifies your body to get rid of toxins. Plus it offers additional digestive support than just reducing nausea: it also helps keep you regular and may reduce heartburn.

Do you believe in the power of lemons for morning sickness?

Sources: Fit Pregnancy, Mama and Baby Love, and Cooking Light

Nipple Preference or Nipple Confusion

Babies were born to breastfeed. It is one of the few things full term babies know how to do the instant they are born. If you ever doubt this, watch videos of newborns who instinctively find their mother’s breasts and start suckling. It is nothing short of amazing. Nipple preference, sometimes called nipple confusion, may come into play if a baby shows more interest in a bottle or pacifier than nursing from the breast. Today we’re taking a look at nipple preference and how to avoid it.

Nipple preference usually occurs when a baby is unsuccessful at getting breast milk during nursing and instead is given a bottle where nourishment is readily available. Interestingly, it’s not that babies actually prefer a bottle nipple, but rather they are getting better results from it. Feeding directly from the breast is actually a baby’s first preference.

Nipple Preference or Nipple ConfusionThe American Academy of Pediatrics recommends not offering bottles – even of breast milk – for at least the first four weeks of a baby’s life. This helps solidify a breastfeeding routine by allowing mothers to establish a healthy milk supply and babies to feel confident in latching and in the comfort they get from breastfeeding. Introducing a bottle too early, whether it is because milk supply is low or out of convenience, can lead to nipple preference.

Milk supply takes time to develop. For the first few days after birth a mother produces colostrum, which is a thick paste-like substance that can sustain babies until their mother’s milk comes in. Although milk usually arrives within a few days of birth, it is not considered mature milk until three weeks after birth. Some moms experience low milk supply from the beginning, which may lead to bottle feedings earlier than four weeks. Other complications such as sore nipples and difficulty latching, or the emotional toll of having a new baby (including need for sleep and feeling frustrated that breastfeeding isn’t going smoothly), may also lead to early bottle feeding.

Bottle feedings can cause nipple preference when babies are having a hard time getting milk during breastfeeding and are better able to retrieve milk from bottles. However, bottle feedings can exacerbate breastfeeding problems because they interfere with the supply and demand process of milk supply and gets the baby out of the habit of feeding from the breast. Then breastfeeding vs. bottle feeding becomes a vicious cycle and can lead to early weaning.

Some people argue pacifiers can also cause nipple preference and should not be introduced until four weeks once breastfeeding is well-established. Like bottle nipples, pacifiers require a different mouth and tongue position than breastfeeding and may interfere with latch.

If you feel your baby is experiencing nipple preference work to increase your milk supply so your baby can get back to his instinctual desire to breastfeed. You can boost your milk supply by breastfeeding often (on-demand), emptying your breasts completely during feedings, not skipping a feeding by offering a bottle, eating a healthy lactation diet and pumping as necessary. Also ensure your baby has a proper latch so he can nurse effectively. If you run into breastfeeding problems, visit a lactation consultant right away to resolve them so you can stay on track.

Once your breastfeeding routine is well established occasional bottles and pacifier use is fine. If you are returning to work or need to be away from your baby regularly, gradually build up to more frequent breast milk bottle feedings. Be sure to pump whenever your baby has a bottle to keep your milk supply strong t avoid future nipple preference.

Sources: Ask Dr. Sears, BabyCenter and KellyMom


3 Interesting Facts about Newborn Eyes

3 Interesting Facts about Newborn EyesLooking into your newborn’s eyes for the first time is a magical moment. As you soak in your baby’s preciousness you may not realize some interesting facts about newborn eyes. From their color and functionality, to forming tears, newborn eyes are pretty fascinating.

Newborn Eye Color

The color of your baby’s eyes will not be fully determined until about one year of age. That’s when the melanin, a protein that colors our skin, hair and eyes, will have completed its transformation. At birth your baby will have grey or blue eyes. Because he has spent all his days in darkness until his birth day, the melanocytes that require light to secrete melanin weren’t able to start their job. Slowly eye color will change throughout your baby’s first year and by the end the surprise will be revealed. Remember, eye color is genetic so you may be able to predict your baby’s eye color based on yours and your partners.

Newborn Eyesight

At birth your baby has very limited vision and cannot fully focus or track objects. Newborn eyes can see 8 to 10 inches away, which is about the distance from your baby to your face while breastfeeding. Nature’s beauty at work! Babies gradually develop coordination between their two eyes in order to focus and see further distances. Newborns like highly contrasting colors like black and white because they can most easily distinguish between the two. Other colors do not appear as vivid until later in the first year.

Newborn Tears

While your baby may be fussy from birth, he won’t shed tears until around one month of age. This is because newborn eyes do not have fully formed tear ducts. Once the ducts have developed, you’ll start seeing those tears stream down your baby’s sweet face. Yet still, sometimes babies cry without tears, even after their tear ducts are fully functioning. This may simply indicate they are not truly in distress. Tears usually mean your baby is in pain or very upset about something. In some cases tearlessness can mean your baby has a clogged tear duct or is dehydrated.

Newborn eyes are truly fascinating and seeing the world through them can be an awe-inspiring experience for babies and parents alike.

Sources: Healthy Children and American Optometric Association and Parenting

Why the AAP says NOT to use Amber Teething Necklaces

Amber teething necklaces have become popular in recent years but many parents are now questioning their effectiveness and safety. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends against using amber teething necklaces for several reasons and we’re breaking them down for you here:

Why the AAP says NOT to use Amber Teething NecklacesWhat are Amber Teething Necklaces?

Manufacturers of these baby-sized beaded necklaces made of amber rock claim that they reduce teething pain for little ones. Amber contains succinic acid which is a natural analgesic. When a baby’s body temperature heats up the amber rocks, succinic acid is supposedly absorbed into her skin to help relieve painfulness from teething. Additionally producers claim amber teething necklaces trigger the thyroid gland to prevent drool and boost the immune system to alleviate other symptoms of teething such as inflammation of the ears, throat and digestive tract.

Do Amber Teething Necklaces Work?

No scientific studies have show that amber teething necklaces are effective in reducing pain, drooling or other symptoms of teething. Some parents have had anecdotal success, but this has not been backed by science or medicine.

Hazards of Amber Teething Necklaces

Beyond the lack of proven effectiveness of amber teething necklaces, they are a major strangulation/suffocation and choking hazard. Jewelry of any kind is discouraged for babies, especially necklaces as they may restrict your baby’s breathing. Suffocation is the leading cause of death among infants under 12 months. Amber teething necklaces can cause choking if your baby rips apart the necklace and swallows any of the beads. The necklaces are not meant for oral use whatsoever.

If you do proceed with an amber teething necklace, it is better to put it on your baby’s wrist or ankle to avoid suffocation. Also, never leave the necklace on your baby unattended and absolutely never allow your baby to wear it while sleeping.

Other Warnings

Even if you do decide to try an amber teething necklace for your baby, you may not be getting much amber at all. Many manufacturers who claim to sell natural amber necklaces actually provide products with very little amber content and are therefore low in succinic acid.

Sources: Healthy Children, What to Expect and Alpha Mom


The Witching Hour for Babies

The Witching Hour for BabiesHave you heard of the witching hour for babies? You may not know it by this name, but you probably know it through experience. It’s that time in the evening when your baby is fussy, Fussy, FUSSY! If that rings a bell, keep reading because we have some tips on dealing with the witching hour.

First things first, please realize that the witching hour is not your fault. We’re writing about it because it happens to SO many babies. This common yet stressful time of night may be caused by many different factors including being tired, over-stimulated by an exhilarating day (thanks to you, mom!), gassiness or hunger. Some of these problems are easy to fix, others don’t have a solution at all. Just don’t blame yourself!

Here are some of our best tips for calming your baby during the witching hour:

Feed your Baby: Breastfeeding calms your baby because he gets to be close to you and he gets that awesomely satisfying breast milk that you make so well. Cluster feeding in the evening may help your baby sleep better at night too. The crying during the witching hour probably stimulates your milk supply for several great before-bed feedings that also help keep your baby calm. Pretty cool, right?

Wear your Baby: Speaking of being close, there’s nothing like cuddling in mommy’s pouch in the evening. Not only will your baby love being with you, you can also get things done with two hands and less crying. Win-win for everyone!

Head Outdoors: Nature has a way of relaxing babies and parents alike. Step outside to see if a change in scenery, temperature and vibe will snap your baby back into his usual chipper mood. Taking a walk in the stroller, carrier or in your arms may also do the trick.

Rock, Swing Bounce or Dance with your Baby:  Like being in a moving car, the soothing motion of a rocking chair, a baby or outdoor swing, bouncing on a ball, or your arms while dancing can ease your baby’s fussiness. Keep the movement going as long as your baby needs.

Burp your Baby: Sometimes all the feedings of the day catch up with your baby and he needs a really good burp. If you suspect a burp is in order, use all of your burping techniques to try to get one out.

Bathe your Baby: A calming warm bath may relax your baby, especially if it is part of your usual bedtime routine. Babies thrive on consistency and a bath may signal a time to wind down and get ready for bed.

Take Turns: Handling a crying baby for several hours every evening may get tedious and frustrating. Plan on having some backup help whenever possible so you can take turns trying to soothe the baby. Even a 5 or 10 minute break can make a big difference.

The witching hour for babies is rough, we’re not going to lie. Do know that it is temporary. Eventually your baby will mature out of whatever is causing his anxiety in the evenings, making your pre-bedtime hours more relaxing and enjoyable for everyone.

Sources: Baby Sleep Site, Mighty Moms Club and Belly Belly